References for The Science of Marine Reserves - United States Version


1. Assessment, Millennium Ecosystem. 2005. "Ecosystems and human well-being." Washington, DC.

2. Shears, Nick T., et al. 2006. "Long-term trends in lobster populations in a partially protected vs. no-take Marine Park." Biological Conservation 132(2): 222-231.

3. McClanahan, T. R., E. Verheij, and J. Maina. "Comparing the management effectiveness of a marine park and a multiple‐use collaborative fisheries management area in East Africa." Aquatic conservation: marine and freshwater ecosystems 16.2 (2006): 147-165.

4. Williams, I. D., et al. 2003. "Effects of rotational closure on coral reef fishes in Waikiki-Diamond head fishery management area, Oahu, Hawaii." Marine Ecology Progress Series 310: 139-149.

5. Jaworski, Andrzej, Jon Solmundsson, and Stefan Aki Ragnarsson. 2006. "The effect of area closures on the demersal fish community off the east coast of Iceland." ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 63(5): 897-911.

6. Russ, Garry R., and Angel C. Alcala. 2003. "Marine reserves: rates and patterns of recovery and decline of predatory fish, 1983–2000." Ecological Applications 13(6): 1553-1565.

7. Mora, Camilo, et al. 2006. "Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas." Science: 1750.

8. Love, Milton S., et al. 1990. Life history aspects of 19 rockfish species (Scorpaenidae: Sebastes) from the Southern California Bight.

9. Lester, Sarah E., et al. 2009. "Biological effects within no-take marine reserves: a global synthesis." Marine Ecology Progress Series 384: 33-46.

10. Shears, Nick T., and Russell C. Babcock. 2003. "Continuing trophic cascade effects after 25 years of no-take marine reserve protection." Marine Ecology Progress Series 246: 1-16.

11. Mumby, Peter J., et al. 2006. "Fishing, trophic cascades, and the process of grazing on coral reefs." Science 311(5757): 98-101.

12. Graham, N. A. J., R. D. Evans, and G. R. Russ. 2003. "The effects of marine reserve protection on the trophic relationships of reef fishes on the Great Barrier Reef." Environmental Conservation 30(2): 200-208.

13. Duran, L. R., and Juan C. Castilla. 1989. "Variation and persistence of the middle rocky intertidal community of central Chile, with and without human harvesting." Marine Biology 103(4): 555-562.

14. Micheli, Fiorenza, et al. 2004. "Trajectories and correlates of community change in no‐take marine reserves." Ecological Applications 14(6): 1709-1723.

15. McClanahan, T. R., and N. A. J. Graham. 2005. "Recovery trajectories of coral reef fish assemblages within Kenyan marine protected areas." Marine Ecology Progress Series 294: 241-248.

16. Russ, Garry R., and Angel C. Alcala. 2004. "Marine reserves: long-term protection is required for full recovery of predatory fish populations." Oecologia 138(4): 622-627.

17. McClanahan, Tim R., et al. 2007. "Toward pristine biomass: reef fish recovery in coral reef marine protected areas in Kenya." Ecological Applications 17(4): 1055-1067.

18. Roberts, Callum M., et al. 2001. "Effects of marine reserves on adjacent fisheries." Science 294(5548): 1920-1923.

19. Bolden, Stephania K. 2000. "Long-distance movement of a Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) to a spawning aggregation in the central Bahamas." FISHERY BULLETIN-NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION 98.3: 642-645.

20. Kaunda-Arara, Boaz, and George A. Rose. 2004. "Out-migration of tagged fishes from marine reef National Parks to fisheries in coastal Kenya." Environmental Biology of Fishes 70(4): 363-372.

21. Abesamis, Rene A., and Garry R. Russ. 2005. "Density‐dependent spillover from a marine reserve: Long‐term evidence." Ecological applications 15(5): 1798-1812.

22. Pillans, S., et al. 2005. "Effects of marine reserve protection on the mud crab Scylla serrata in a sex-biased fishery in subtropical Australia." Marine Ecology Progress Series 295: 201-213.

23. Cole, Russell G., Eduardo Villouta, and Robert J. Davidson. 2000. "Direct evidence of limited dispersal of the reef fish Parapercis colias (Pinguipedidae) within a marine reserve and adjacent fished areas." Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 10(6): 421-436.

24. Goñi, Raquel, Antoni Quetglas, and Olga Reñones. 2006. "Spillover of spiny lobsters Palinurus elephas from a marine reserve to an adjoining fishery." Marine Ecology Progress Series 308: 207-219.

25. Johnson, Darlene R., Nicholas A. Funicelli, and James A. Bohnsack. 1999. "Effectiveness of an existing estuarine no-take fish sanctuary within the Kennedy Space Center, Florida." North American Journal of Fisheries Management 19(2): 436-453.

26. Starr, Richard M., Victoria O'Connell, and Stephen Ralston. 2004. "Movements of lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus) in southeast Alaska: potential for increased conservation and yield from marine reserves." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61(7): 1083-1094.

27. Ault, Jerald S., et al. 2006. "Building sustainable fisheries in Florida's coral reef ecosystem: Positive signs in the Dry Tortugas." Bulletin of Marine Science 78(3): 633-654.

28. Suman, Daniel, Manoj Shivlani, and J. Walter Milon. 1999. "Perceptions and attitudes regarding marine reserves: a comparison of stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary." Ocean & Coastal Management 42(12): 1019-1040.

29. Behrens, M. D., & Lafferty, K. D. (2004). Effects of marine reserves and urchin disease on southern Californian rocky reef communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 279, 129-139.

30. Lafferty KD, Behrens MD (2005) In: Garcelon DK, Schwemm CA (eds) Sixth California Islands Symposium. Institute for Wildlife Studies, Ventura, CA, p 511-520

31. Link, Jason, et al. 2005. "The Effects of he Effects of he Effects of Area Closures on Georges Bank Area Closures on Georges Bank." American Fisheries Society Symposium. Vol. 41.

32. Murawski, Steven A., et al. 2005. "Effort distribution and catch patterns adjacent to temperate MPAs." ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 62(6): 1150-1167.

33. Murawski, Steven A., et al. 2000. "Large-scale closed areas as a fishery-management tool in temperate marine systems: the Georges Bank experience." Bulletin of Marine Science 66(3): 775-798.

34. Hart, Deborah R., and Paul J. Rago. 2006. "Long-term dynamics of US Atlantic sea scallop Placopecten magellanicus populations." North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26(2): 490-501.

35. Love, Milton S., Mary Yoklavich, and Lyman K. Thorsteinson. 2002. The rockfishes of the northeast Pacific. Univ of California Press.

36. Kinlan, Brian P., and Steven D. Gaines. 2003. "Propagule dispersal in marine and terrestrial environments: a community perspective." Ecology 84(8): 2007-2020.

37. Palumbi, Stephen R. 2004. "Marine reserves and ocean neighborhoods: the spatial scale of marine populations and their management." Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 29: 31-68.

38. Christie, Patrick, and Alan T. White. 2007. "Best practices for improved governance of coral reef marine protected areas." Coral Reefs 26(4): 1047-1056.

39. White, Alan T., Catherine A. Courtney, and Albert Salamanca. 2002. "Experience with marine protected area planning and management in the Philippines." Coastal Management 30(1): 1-26.

40. Sanchirico, James N., et al. 2006. "WHEN ARE NO‐TAKE ZONES AN ECONOMICALLY OPTIMAL FISHERY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY?." Ecological Applications 16(5): 1643-1659.

41. Green, Edmund, and Rachel Donnelly. 2003. "Recreational scuba diving in Caribbean marine protected areas: Do the users pay?." AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 32(2): 140-144.

42. Hand, Tony. 2003. "An economic and social evaluation of implementing the Representative Areas Program by rezoning the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park." Report on the revised zoning plan. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and PDP Australia Pty Ltd.

43. Fernandes, Leanne, et al. 2005. "Establishing representative no‐take areas in the Great Barrier Reef: large‐scale implementation of theory on marine protected areas." Conservation Biology 19(6): 1733-1744.

44. California Marine Life Protection Act Initiative. Master Plan Framework, California Fish and Game. August 22, 2005.

45. Alcala, Angel C., and Garry R. Russ. 2006. "No-take marine reserves and reef fisheries management in the Philippines: a new people power revolution." AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 35(5): 245-254.